Immigrant visa is for people to immigrate to the United States. In order to immigrate, one should either have an immigrant visa or have a dual intent visa, which is one that is compatible with making a concurrent application for permanent resident status, or having an intention to apply for permanent residence.
There are three types of immigrant visa categories:
• Family Based Immigration – A foreign national who wants to become a permanent resident can apply for family based immigration if he/she has a relative who is a citizen of the United States or is a lawful permanent resident. The relative will need to sponsor the foreign national and prove that he/she has enough income or assets to support the person applying for immigrant visa during his/her stay in the country.
• Employment Based Immigration – There are five employment based visa categories. The person applying for this type of immigrant visa must obtain a labor certification approval from Department of Labor and then file an immigrant petition with the U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services based on the employment based preference category. If the petition is approved, spouse and minor unmarried children below the age of 21 may also apply for immigrant visas by filling the appropriate application forms and completing the necessary formalities.
• Diversity Visa Program – People from countries of low rates of immigration to the United States are eligible to apply for Diversity Visas. People applying for this visa do not require a U.S. sponsor and are not required to file an immigration petition. Persons who meet strict eligibility requirements are drawn from randomly selected countries annually. The only way to apply for this visa is online.
Posted by: Nitza Ben Yehuda
Nitza Ben Yehuda is an immigration law attorney who helps clients both within and outside of the United States with applications for permanent resident status (Green Card), applications for visitor, student, or work visas, defense in deportation or removal proceedings, change of status, and other immigration matters.